Honey bees are incredibly organized creatures. In one short season, the colony’s honey bee workers will visit up to 500.000.000 flowers and will make about 90 kilograms of honey. Bees don’t fly in groups, so each bee finds the nectar source individually. But have you ever wondered how these bees can suddenly know precisely where the blooming flowers are?
It’s because they have a remarkable method of telling one another where to find the most productive flowers. This is called the “. Their intriguingly intelligent behavior and the language they developed is quite useful when the food is difficult to find or the food sources differ in quality.
Our Bee Busters experts, that offer bee removal in Mission Viejo and other Orange County communities, present some facts about their astonishing way of communication.
How is the dance performed?
Diligent honey bees search vast expanses for the best flowers and when a bee finds a new rich source of nectar, she goes back to the hive to tell her fellow workers all about it.
To get their attention, the bee climbs on her sister’s backs and vibrates her abdomen. Then she begins a carefully choreographed dance to tell the others where her discovery lies. The dancing bee moves in a straight line called the waggle run and then circles back making a figure-eight shape by alternating between left and right return paths.
During the waggle dance, the bee vibrates her wings and wags her body from side to side approximately 13 to 15 times a second. The sound she emits by her wings and the physical contact between the dancer and her fellow bees enables transmission of information in complete darkness.
What does it mean?
The dance passes on information based on two elements: the distance and direction from a hive to a food source. Other information like quality and abundance of food might be encoded in the dance or in pheromones released by the bee.
The duration and length of the waggle run indicate the distance to the nectar source. The longer the distance, the farther the flower is from the hive. In general, one second equals one kilometer. When food is within a few meters of the hive, the central part of the waggle dance will turn into a circular dance.
The angle of the bee dance tells them the direction of the flower in relation to the sun. For example, if the bee dances directly upward, other bees know they should fly directly towards the sun when they leave the hive.
These instructions are amazingly accurate and can pinpoint the location of the nectar source over 6 kilometers. After the performance, some of the bees are going to departure immediately to find the location themselves.
Who discovered it and when?
Aristotle was one of the first people who noted it and an Austrian ethologist Karl von Frisch was the one who decoded it. He discovered the bee dance in the 1920s and developed an ingenious marking system of tracking individual honey bees. He then continued to conduct various experiments through the 1960s to explore the purpose and meaning of the bee dances, for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1973. This way his work was ultimately recognized, after the initial skepticism he received for the theory he first described in his book “The Dancing Bees” in 1927.
This type of communication is highly unusual and unique to honey bees. It still remains a source of fascination.
Bee removal Mission Viejo, the best service in Orange County
With over 30 years of experience in providing Orange County bee removal and control services, Bee Busters are at your service night and day. We are experts in removing honey bees, yellow jackets, bumble bees, carpenter bees and wasps. Being dedicated to the honey bees, we also perform a live removal and relocation of any bees or beehives that might be causing you agitation.